When someone has a bacterial infection, doctors will prescribe an antibiotic to help to get rid of it, but even though these antibiotics may be effective for most patients when they have a bacterial infection, they might not be for other types of infections.
Because of this, many worldwide public health agencies are finding bacterial resistance to antibiotics a growing challenge, as this can make the medications ineffective.
Deaths Caused by Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
In the U.S., 23,000 deaths and 2 million diseases are caused by bacteria that are antibiotic-resistant, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This is particularly serious in those whose antibiotic options are limited, for example people with serious infections in their bloodstream and those with gonorrhea infections.
As antibiotics are overused in both animals and humans this is driving bacteria to evolve and become resistant to antibiotics. This is because they can mutate and take on forms of other bacteria, which helps to make them resistant to antibiotics, flourishing in an environment where they are used.
One major concern for scientists is that the bacteria strains that are resistant to antibiotics could spread around the world through trade or travel. In order to identify any of these types of bacteria and to control the spread of these, the FDA is introducing whole genome sequencing (WGS), a cutting-edge technology.
Whilst many may ask how long does it take to get an FDA 510k approved through companies such as www.fdathirdpartyreview.com, many will also be looking to see how the FDA’s research into antibiotic-resistant bacteria pans out.
Speaking about their innovative technology, the director of FDA’s National Antimicrobial Resistant Monitoring System (NARMS), Patrick McDermott, Ph.D., said that this is the first time they’ve been able to look at an individual bacterium to rapidly determine antibiotic resistant genes.
He also went on to say that because of the growth of the resistant genes database, scientist around the world are able to see what other researchers are finding to quickly establish whether there are any threats that are being found in other countries that may also be present in theirs.
Within disease-causing bacteria, resistance genes are also being discovered through whole genome sequencing, said McDermott. The analysis of the WGS revealed that there were numerous genes that were causing this resistance which had not been seen before.